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Yield farming is a term that has become quite popular in the world of cryptocurrency and DeFi over the past few years. If you’re new to the space, it might sound like a strange concept, but it’s a simple and effective way to earn more cryptocurrency or tokens by using your existing holdings.

At its core, yield farming is a way for crypto investors to earn more tokens by lending or staking their existing tokens in a DeFi platform. In other words, you can earn interest or rewards by simply holding onto your crypto assets and allowing others to borrow or use them.

So, how does yield farming work?

Let’s say you have some Ether (ETH), the native token of the Ethereum blockchain. You can lend or stake your ETH in a DeFi platform, which allows other users to borrow your tokens in exchange for paying interest. The interest rate you earn will vary depending on the platform you choose and the demand for your tokens, but it’s typically higher than what you’d earn by simply holding onto your tokens in a wallet.

Now, you might be wondering why anyone would want to borrow your tokens in the first place. Well, in the DeFi world, borrowing is often done to take advantage of trading opportunities or to provide liquidity to a decentralized exchange. By borrowing your tokens, a user can access liquidity without having to sell their tokens, which could result in price slippage or high fees.

How to Start Yield Farming?

To get started with yield farming, you’ll need to follow these steps:

  1. Choose a blockchain and wallet: Yield farming is typically done on Ethereum, Binance Smart Chain, or Polygon. Choose the blockchain that best suits your needs and create a wallet that supports the blockchain you’ve chosen.
  2. Purchase cryptocurrency: You’ll need to buy cryptocurrency to use in the yield farming protocols. The most popular cryptocurrencies for yield farming are Ethereum, Binance Coin, and MATIC.
  3. Select a yield farming platform: There are many yield farming platforms available, each with its own rules and rewards. Do some research and choose a platform that suits your needs and goals.
  4. Deposit your cryptocurrency: Once you’ve chosen a yield farming platform, you’ll need to deposit your cryptocurrency into the platform. Be sure to read the platform’s instructions carefully and follow them closely.
  5. Start farming: Once your cryptocurrency has been deposited into the platform, you can start to yield farming! You’ll need to select the protocol you want to use and follow the instructions for lending or staking your assets.

Here are a few popular yield farming platforms you might want to check out:


Aave is a decentralized lending platform that allows users to lend and borrow various cryptocurrencies. It offers a wide range of interest rates, and users can earn interest on their deposited assets by providing liquidity to the protocol.


Compound allows users to earn interest on their cryptocurrency holdings. It offers high-interest rates on stablecoins like USDC and DAI, making it a popular choice for yield farmers.


Uniswap is a decentralized exchange that allows users to swap tokens and earn fees by providing liquidity to the platform. Yield farmers can earn rewards by staking their tokens in liquidity pools.


SushiSwap offers similar features to Uniswap. However, it also offers yield farming rewards through its SUSHI token, which users can earn by staking their tokens in liquidity pools.


PancakeSwap operates on the Binance Smart Chain. It offers similar features to Uniswap and SushiSwap, but with lower fees and faster transaction times.

Benefits of Yield Farming

Yield farming allows you to put your cryptocurrency to work. Instead of just holding onto it and hoping for it to increase in value, you can earn additional tokens on top of your existing holdings.

Yield farming can help you diversify your crypto portfolio. By participating in different yield farming strategies, you can earn rewards from a variety of different protocols and projects, reducing your overall risk exposure.

It can also be a way to support the growth of the DeFi ecosystem. By providing liquidity or other resources to a DeFi protocol, you are helping to build out the infrastructure of the decentralized financial system. This can have a positive impact on the entire cryptocurrency community.


Risks and Drawbacks of Yield Farming

The main risk of yield farming is that it’s a relatively new and experimental area of cryptocurrency. Many of the platforms and protocols that allow yield farming are still in their early stages, and there is a risk that they could fail or be exploited by hackers.

Yield farming can be complex and require a lot of time and effort to understand and participate in. It’s important to have a good understanding of the protocols and platforms you are using, as well as the risks and potential rewards associated with yield farming.

Yield farming can be subject to impermanent loss. This is a phenomenon that occurs when the price of the assets you have provided for liquidity in a liquidity pool changes, causing you to lose some of your investment. Impermanent loss can be a complex concept, so it’s important to research and understand it before participating in yield farming.


Yield farming can be an exciting and profitable way to earn passive income in the world of decentralized finance. By using various decentralized platforms, investors can lend, borrow, and trade digital assets to maximize their returns.

If you’re interested in starting yield farming, it’s important to start small and experiment with different platforms and strategies to find what works best for you. With the right approach and a bit of luck, yield farming can be a lucrative way to earn passive income in the ever-evolving world of decentralized finance.


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