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All You Wanted To Know About Ethereum Mining

In simple terms, cryptocurrency mining is a procedure that can get solutions for complicated maths problems. Miners are an essential element of any cryptocurrency platform that works in a Blockchain network. By giving their valuable time and computing power to solve these problems, they give a so-called “proof of work” for the network; hence, attesting to the Ether contracts. Moreover, miners are accountable to make new Ether tokens with this procedure, while they get rewards in Ether for the successful completion of a proof-of-work task.

Learn In-Depth about What Is Ethereum, the Multi-Use Blockchain of Shrewd Transactions

While a lot of miners come into the game, problems become tougher to solve. It means more time and computational power are needed to solve and the rewards become less important. But, when the worth of the Aether carries on to increase, the rewards obtained are yet pretty significant in Fiat value. Also, lots of individuals consider the mining as a philosophical incentive, a way to directly back and keep up the network.

For every blockchain of contracts, the miners use their computational power for resolving math problems.

To be more definite, miners get the metadata for every block’s special headers, a software version, and data that sets a timestamp, through a hash function. This creates a fixed-length chain of random figures. This chain is known as a hash. In case the miner finds a hash that complies with the present aim, the block will be viewed as mined and broadcast to the complete network for the other nodes to verify and integrate the contract to their replica of the blockchain.

To learn more: What is mining?

Although Bitcoin is still the most potent and appreciated cryptocurrency available today, it shows certain issues in its system. One such issue is the elevating centralization of bitcoin mining. During the days while the network developed, personal mining from an influential enough computer or even from a laptop was a truth. But, nowadays, with the evolution of ASIC machine mining rigs, the sole entities that can benefit from this procedure are big corporations possessing enormous mining rigs. These mining rigs need a healthy amount of energy to function and are too pricey to install and sustain. Thus, significantly restricting your participation.

While we talk about Ethereum, the procedure is a little unalike. Ethereum rewards its miners on the basis of a “proof of work” algorithm known as Ethash, which, in reality, heartens decentralized mining through individuals and doesn’t promote ASIC mining, or at least it was till Bitmain announced its Antminer E3 during the year 2018.

The reward of Bitcoin for thriving mining is split in half every 4 years, associated to the limited total amount of tokens in transmission. At the moment, the reward for mining a block of contracts successfully on the Bitcoin system is 12.5 Bitcoin. Rooted in the Ethash algorithm, the success of mining on the Ethereum system is priced at 3 Ether, as well as every contract charge and code processing charge. However, averagely, it takes around 10 minutes to validate and mine a Bitcoin contracts’ block. On the other hand, the average time for Ethereum is around 12 seconds. This speed is attained via the GHOST protocol of Ethereum, allowing fast verifications, but also leading to more blocks being left alone. Therefore, possibly we can mine manifold Ethereum blocks in the same time it takes to mine a single Bitcoin block.

Contracts are also valued in a different way on both the systems. Within Ethereum, contracts are known as “Gas” that basically powers every function on the system. This signifies that for making any alterations to the Blockchain, you have to spend a little Ether. The gas is gauged on the basis of storage requirements, the complication of the action, and the necessary bandwidth. In contrast, Bitcoin contracts are confined by the maximum size of block that is 1 MB, and they contest against each other equally.

At last, the major distinction is maybe that Ethereum has its individual complete internal Turing code. It means that essentially anything can be gauged, providing that there is plenty of time and computing power existing. In contrast, Bitcoin doesn’t have this alternative. Still, when there are unquestionable benefits of having a complete Turing code, its complexity involves some safety complications that are incorporated into the popular assault on DAO and the following split of the system.

Let’s learn more about the subject in: What is DAO?

Ethereum Mining Hardware

Before we get started, we’ll need to decide on the dedicated hardware to organize our computer for around-the-clock mining. There are a couple of alternatives that may help you. One is the GPU or Graphics Processing Unit that will entail purchasing a costly graphics card. Second is the CPU (Central Processing Unit) that means utilizing the processor of the computer.

It is essential to bear in mind that mining Ether using CPUs is not lucrative at the moment. This is because even the most basic Graphics Processing Units are around 200 X quicker than mining CPUs. Prior to shopping for a graphics card, it is important to think about the price, plus the power consumption. The most crucial we’ll need to keep in mind is the hash rate performance, the speed at which the mathematical puzzle will be solved.

We can even think about the installation of a mining rig, which is a machine made with manifold GPUs to raise your hash rate, and, by extension, your odds of successful mining.

Below we have mentioned a comparison chart of a few of the most effective GPU units available in the marketplace:

Name Hash Rate Approximate Price
Antminer E3 190 MH / S From $ 1162
NVidia GTX 1080 Ti 32 MH / S From $ 750
AMD RX 580 28 MH / S From $ 190
AMD RX 570 29 MH / S From $ 100
Radeon RX Vega 45 MH / S From $ 350

Ethereum Mining Software

As soon as we decide to buy the hardware, we’ll need to consider software installation. Firstly, we’ll require drivers for our graphics card that we can find on the site of the company or find together with the card itself.

After that, we’ll need to configure the node and link it to the network. For executing this, we’ll download the complete chain of blocks Ethereum that, at present, holds a size of over 132 Gigabytes and carries on to extend with time. Then, we’ll need to link the node to the network. You can do this in many ways. Those users who know the command line can install Geth, using other services like Ethermine or MinerGate.

As soon as it is configured, our node will be connected to every other node and to the network. This will let us begin with mining, plus implement your own shrewd transactions, build decentralized applications, and submit deals.


Prior to beginning mining, it is feasible to establish a private test network. This is a very helpful tool if we need to verify smart transactions, strive to advance novel technology, or just test our mining skills. Inside a private test network, we are the lone users, meaning that we are accountable to find each block, carrying out smart transactions, and verifying every transaction. At present, it is executed via a command line, using services such as Geth offering such alternatives.

Having familiarity of a minimum of an estimated hash rate of our device will be very beneficial, too, while we talk about calculating the possible advantages we can get on the network. We can capitalize on this profitability calculator that will automatically gauge using our hash rate on the basis of the hardware we are utilizing and the utility bills of our country. In essence, we’ll require the best possible rate. This is because the higher it is, the more revenue we can generate out of mining Ether.

Ethminer Installation

As soon as we’ve configured a node and linked it to the network, for beginning mining Ether we still have to consider the installation of mining software, which is Ethminer. Here you can find the commands for GPU mining for other operating systems. Ethminer can make our GPU or CPU function the essential hashing algorithm to guard the network with proof of work. The interface is a command line, in essence; however, forthcoming versions of the Ethereum system are anticipated to have an interface that is more user-friendly.

Receiving The Payments

After we have mined a block, we can get a reward of 3 ETH. Beside the reward, the miners get fees linked with the contract. These fees are just one more incentive for miners to perform their task, since a lot of miners will prioritize deals with higher fees. The reward is transferred to the miners’ pool or to the Ethereum wallet that is linked to the miner. This happens nearly in no time.

The estimated profit can be gauged on the basis of the hash rate we have and the energy consumption generated by giving the computing power. Furthermore, we can’t neglect to consider the price rates of the selected hardware and probable updates to our bandwidth. There are a lot of Ethereum mining profitability calculators out there that are offered by various services, such as MyCryptoBuddy, CoinWarz, CryptoCompare, and WhatToMine.

Mining Pool

In case you are a novice, then joining a mining pool can be more beneficial than mining by yourself. What is a mining pool? Basically, it is a group of miners who use both their endeavors and computing powers to increase their odds of solving mathematical problems and earning Ether. The perks are circulated among all members corresponding to the computing power given.

There are a lot of aspects that we’ll have to take into consideration prior to associating with a pool of Ethereum miners. Aspects like the computing power of the whole pool, fees, and payment structures, are important things to consider. In addition, a few mining pools might have payment issues, and disappear with user money. Generally, the fees they can get from the mining pool can be anywhere from 0 to 2 %. Based on every specific mining pool, we can be paid from one time every 24 hours, up to 4 to 6 times a day. A majority of the mining pools will need us to have balances over 1 ETH to get these recurring payments.

Is it Worth Mining Ethereum?

When it comes to most cryptocurrencies, the mining difficulty and by extension the costs associated with it are only going up. However, as can be seen from the graph below, the difficulty of mining Ethereum has varied over time. In October 2017, it went from 3,013 Tera Hashes to 1,389. Subsequently, as shown in the graph below, the difficulty increased during 2018 until reaching a peak of 3,606 Tera Hashes in August of the same year. In 2019 the network also underwent drastic changes, going from 3,019 Tera Hashes in February to 1,716 at the end of March.

These strong variations are due to the fact that the Ethereum network is undergoing great changes. At some point in the foreseeable future, the team behind him is planning to ditch its proof-of-work algorithm and instead adopt a Proof-of-Stake or “Proof-of-Stake” framework. To achieve this change the developers have already implemented the Constantinople and St. Petersburg updates prepared to pave the way for the new change.

Once this occurs, the network will no longer need the miners to secure and confirm the transaction, as this will be done by the token owners. The creators of new tokens will be chosen deterministically, based on their wealth, which is also defined as a bet. Most importantly, miners will no longer receive block rewards, they will only charge transaction fees.

The update will come in the form of a fork, once again splitting the network in two. Therefore, those who wish to continue mining for rewards could do so on the old version of Ethereum. Without a fixed date for the update, it is really difficult to predict how profitable it can be to go into mining at that time.

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